Attila the Hun, 5th-century king of the Hunnic Empire, devastated lands from the Black Sea to the Mediterranean, inspiring fear throughout the late Roman Empire. Dubbed “Flagellum Dei” meaning “Scourge of God” in Latin , Attila consolidated power after murdering his brother to become sole ruler of the Huns, expanded the rule of the Huns to include many Germanic tribes and attacked the Eastern Roman Empire in wars of extraction. He never invaded Constantinople or Rome, and left a divided family following his death in Born in Pannonia, a province of the Roman Empire present-day Transdanubia, Hungary , circa , Attila the Hun and his brother, Bleda, were named co-rulers of the Huns in Upon murdering his brother in , Attila became the 5th-century king of the Hunnic Empire and the sole ruler of the Huns. Attila united the tribes of the Hun kingdom and was said to be a just ruler to his own people. But Attila was also an aggressive and ruthless leader.
At its height, the Hunnic Empire stretched across Central Europe. His date of birth is unknown but he died in A. Whether his death was natural, or whether he was murdered by his new wife, Ildico, is still a subject of debate. While his name has become synonymous with conquest and destruction, a careful look at historical records reveals a more complex picture.
In a series of epic campaigns dating from the AD s until his death in AD , he ravaged first the Eastern and later the Western Roman Empire, invading Italy.
In the fifth century he controlled a huge territory and menaced the Roman Empire. So why his fearsome reputation? Attila the Hun c— was the leader of the ancient nomadic people known as the Huns from to AD and ruler of the Hunnic Empire. He was a powerful warlord and an astute politician, keeping a diverse confederation of tribes together for decades. He was also a successful crime lord, extorting money from his enemies with a ruthlessness that exceeded any later mafia don, says Miles Russell.
Unfortunately we know very little of the man himself, for the Huns failed to write their own version of history.
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According to European tradition, they were first reported living east of the Volga River , in an area that was part of Scythia at the time; the Huns’ arrival is associated with the migration westward of an Iranian people , the Alans. In , the Huns invaded the Western Roman province of Gaul , where they fought a combined army of Romans and Visigoths at the Battle of the Catalaunian Fields , and in they invaded Italy.
After Attila’s death in , the Huns ceased to be a major threat to Rome and lost much of their empire following the Battle of Nedao ? Descendants of the Huns, or successors with similar names, are recorded by neighbouring populations to the south, east, and west as having occupied parts of Eastern Europe and Central Asia from about the 4th to 6th centuries. Variants of the Hun name are recorded in the Caucasus until the early 8th century.
If we accept the beginning of the Medieval Period to date to the fall of the Western Roman Empire (something which itself has been challenged).
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Although Terwee won’t say exactly how much he makes by selling ads on his pared-down homepage of links to free porn sites, he admits he’s “not doing badly. At the very least, it’s gotten him enough to finalize plans for a million-dollar, custom-built home. But lately, hanging on to the source of all that prosperity has turned into a small nightmare. Scam artists galore are seeing the value in his site’s domain names, and more than once Terwee has come close to losing the title to his own site.
In the last year, he claims there have been attempts to steal both of his main domain names, thehun. Last year, a scam artist went so far as to try to sell “thehun. Then, just two weeks ago, a hijacker struck again. Terwee claims he found his other domain, thehun.
Attila the Hun (c.410-c.453 AD)
No matter how a historian tries to spin it, ordering a tower to be constructed out of live men stacked and cemented together with bricks and mortar is downright brutal. He expanded the empire to present-day Germany, Russia, Ukraine and the Balkans. Reign: Khan spent time as a slave during his teenage years before he united the Mongol tribes and went on to conquer a huge part of Central Asia and China. His style is characterised as brutal, and historians say he slaughtered civilians en masse Image Source: commons.
Reign: Timur led military campaigns through a large part of western Asia, including modern Iran, to Syria. In present-day Afghanistan, he ordered the construction of a tower made out of living men, one stacked on top of another and cemented together.
Reign: AD After killing his brother, Attila became the leader of the Hunnic Empire, centred in present-day Hungary. He expanded the.
Attila the Hun was the leader of the Hunnic Empire from to A. The Huns were a nomadic tribe from Central Asia that scholars believe may have begun to enter Europe by the 2nd century A. The main body of the Huns had definitively entered Europe and conquered the Alans ancient Iranian nomads by the mids. They also invaded the Pontic steppes and forced thousands of Goths to seek refuge in Roman cities in the Lower Danube. Attila was born north of the Danube River shortly after this activity, sometime in the early 5th century A.
Attila, along with this elder brother Bleda, was born into the most powerful family in the Hunnic Empire. As such, Attila and Bleda learned archery, sword fighting and lasso use, how to ride and care for horses, and military and diplomatic tactics. The brothers also spoke and possibly read Gothic and Latin. Octar was the king of the western wing of the Huns who expanded the Empire into Germany and reportedly died of overeating.
Ruga was the eastern overlord who waged war against the Eastern Roman Empire and allegedly died by a lightning strike while invading Thrace.
The Hijacking of The Hun
He called himself flagellum Dei , the scourge of God, and even today, 1, years after his blood-drenched death, his name remains a byword for brutality. Then as now, he seemed the epitome of an Asian steppe nomad: ugly, squat and fearsome, lethal with a bow, interested chiefly in looting and in rape. His real name was Attila, King of the Huns, and even today the mention of it jangles some atavistic panic bell deep within civilized hearts.
Yet there are those who think we have much to learn from a people who came apparently from nowhere to force the mighty Roman Empire almost to its knees. Attila has become the barbarian of the ancient world.
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It was hopeless for the Hun archers to attack the great walls of the capital, so Attila turned on the remnants of the empire’s forces, which had withdrawn into the.
He was one of the greatest of the barbarian rulers who assailed the Roman Empire , invading the southern Balkan provinces and Greece and then Gaul and Italy. In legend he appears under the name Etzel in the Nibelungenlied and under the name Atli in Icelandic sagas. From to Attila was king of the Huns.
He extracted a yearly tribute in gold from the Eastern Roman Empire and attacked Gaul and then Italy after the Western Roman emperor refused to marry his sister to Attila with half the Western Empire as her dowry. Following the death of their uncle Rua, Attila and his brother Bleda became joint kings of the Huns from until Attila murdered Bleda in Attila had many wives and is reported to have died after his final wedding.
He was succeeded by his sons, who were unable to hold his empire together. The empire that Attila and his elder brother Bleda inherited seems to have stretched from the Alps and the Baltic in the west to somewhere near the Caspian Sea in the east. By the terms of the treaty, the Romans undertook to double the subsidies they had been paying to the Huns and in the future to pay pounds kg of gold each year. From to the activities of Attila are unknown, but he seems to have been engaged in subduing barbarian peoples to the north or east of his dominions.
The Eastern Romans do not appear to have paid the sums stipulated in the treaty of Margus, and so in , when their forces were occupied in the west and on the eastern frontier, Attila launched a heavy assault on the Danubian frontier of the Eastern Empire. He captured and razed a number of important cities, including Singidunum Belgrade.